The vote was overwhelmingly bipartisan, with 420 members voting in favor of the resolution and zero voting against it. Four Republicans voted present.
The resolution calls for whatever report Mueller gives the attorney general to be publicly released in full, with the exception of classified or grand jury information. It also calls for the entire report to be given to Congress.
On Thursday afternoon, Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer of New York attempted to bring the Mueller report resolution to the Senate floor by asking for unanimous consent and calling for the Senate to pass the measure.
But the effort did not move forward after Republican Sen. Lindsey Graham of South Carolina interjected and asked that the resolution be modified to call for Attorney General William Barr to appoint a special counsel to investigate the Department of Justice’s handling of the Clinton email investigation and other matters.
Schumer accused Graham of blocking the resolution as a result of his request, saying, “Let the American people know that the Republican majority in the Senate, at least for now, is blocking a resolution that the Mueller report should be made public.”
Graham later defended his request, telling CNN, “I want everything looked at, not just Mueller. Mueller is going to be able to do his job, he’s just about finished, I think. But nobody has lifted a finger to call for an investigation into the other side of the story. Was there two systems of justice, one for the Democratic candidate, one for the Republican candidate?”
The push for the report to be publicly released is an effort by Democrats to draw clear battle lines over what they plan to fight for when Mueller’s investigation ends. It’s not clear yet when that will be, but it is expected to happen in the coming days or weeks. Bringing a vote on the resolution also served as a way for Democrats to put Republicans on record on the issue.
The President has repeatedly railed against the investigation, denouncing it as a witch hunt and insisting there was no collusion between associates of his presidential campaign and Russia.
But it’s not yet clear how much of the special counsel’s findings the public will get to see.
Barr is then required to provide the chairmen and ranking members of the House and Senate Judiciary committees with some kind of notice and explanation that the investigation has concluded.
During his confirmation hearings, Barr promised to be as transparent as possible but did not commit to a public release of the full report.
That answer has not satisfied Democrats, however, who have continued to press for assurances that the report will be released publicly.
Democrats have also made clear they plan to use all the tools at their disposal, including subpoena power, in an effort to make the report available to the public.
This story has been updated with additional developments Thursday.
CNN’s Sunlen Serfaty, Ashley Killough, Jeremy Herb and Jennifer Agiesta contributed to this report.